1. Design and synthesis of highly uniform nanoparticles as well as their derived hybrid nanostructures with increased complexity and functionalities
  2. Development of in-situ synchrotron x-ray techniques and in-situ electron microscopic techniques for real-time probing reaction kinetics and phase dynamics involved in the synthesis of colloidal nanoparticles and for in-operando characterizing the corresponding devices under real operating condition
  3. Investigation of novel properties of synthesized nanostructures in the context of nanophotonics, photocatalysis, sensing, and energy storage/conversion; with an emphasis on hot-electron-driven chemical reactions using quantum-sized metal catalysts