- The binary encoding is used to represent a wide variety of symbols, characters, numbers, also, helps computer process info. ASCII code is the numerical represent of a character such as ‘a’ or ‘@’ or an action of some sort, and this kind of language is English only, because it only contains English characters, you can find the definition of the ASCII symbols by using this website : . Another kind of named Unicode which is different from ASCII by using a 16 bit set but includes the first 128 characters. The most popular type of encoding know as UTF-8, which can encoding over 1 million possible characters. Here is the website you can find the detail of UTF-8 : https://www.fileformat.info/info/unicode/utf8.htm.
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Here is the video that can help you understand this topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GSjbWt0c9M