Need Help Citing Your Sources? We’ve Got You Covered!

Stack of style manual books

A few of the many style manual books available at Temple Libraries

The end of the semester is fast approaching which, for many students, means that it’s paper-writing time!

If you’re writing a research paper and need help citing your sources, know that the Libraries offer a number of resources and tools (print and online) to aid you as you research and write.  Below are just a few that may come in handy:


  • Cite Now! options in library databases — Many of the Libraries’ databases offer quick citing features to help you format the sources you find.  Look for “Cite” links and/or buttons next to options for emailing, printing, and saving your sources.
  • RefWorks — a web-based citation management tool available to the Temple community.  RefWorks lets you store, organize, and format your sources in hundreds of available citation styles, including MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, and many more! Helpful information and tutorials are available, too. Create bibliographies in a snap!
  • Chicago Manual of Style Online — an online version of the well-known style manual often used in history, anthropology, and other social sciences. Available to the Temple community.
  • AP Stylebook Online — a great tool for media content writers within the Temple community.  AP Stylebook Online contains a fully searchable version of the AP Stylebook, offering fundamental guidelines on spelling, grammar, punctuation and usage, plus interactive features and links.
  • Print style manuals at the reference desk — Visit the reference desk at any Temple library location to use any of the many style manuals we have available in print.

And don’t forget about the Writing Center! The staff at the writing center provides one-on-one support for writers, offering face-to-face tutoring sessions as well as email tutoring.  They also offer online handouts and style guides.

Good luck!

Faulkner in Living Color

Color coded index of Faulkner's The Sound and Fury.When William Faulkner composed his 1929 masterpiece, The Sound and the Fury, he was well aware that readers would find his modernist narrative devices — stream-of-consciousness, time-shifts, and multiple changes of viewpoint — challenging.  In fact, Faulkner had imagined a way to make the text clearer for his readers:

I wish publishing was advanced enough to use colored ink…I’ll just have to save the idea until publishing grows up.

Nearly ninety years later Faulkner’s colorful vision has come to life.  The Folio Society has recently published a special edition of The Sound and the Fury in 14 colors, representing the 14 different timelines in Benjy’s section of the book, which moves through the years between 1900 and its opening in April 1928 as Luster and Benjy roam the Compson grounds. Noted Faulkner scholars painstakingly identified and coded the varying timelines.  It is hoped that the use of color will make the text more accessible to new readers and open the debate around the book again for Faulknerians; however, as Temple University English Professor Miles Orvell recently commented, “Will [the colors] enhance or detract from our [reading] experience? Shouldn’t we preserve a degree of confusion? Isn’t that, after all, part of what Faulkner was after?”

The book is a fine press edition, quarter-bound in leather, with a slipcase and an additional volume of commentary.  It also includes a color-coded bookmark that reveals which time period is designated by each color.

There are only 1,480 copies of this special edition published, and copy number 1,154 happily now belongs to Temple University Libraries.  Visit our Special Collections Research Center on the ground floor of Paley Library to request and view this great treasure!

Happy Birthday, Raymond Chandler!

An open book shwoing the title page on top of another closed book

Selection of Raymond Chandler books from the Temple University Libraries collection.

Detective fiction writer Raymond Chandler was born on this day in 1888.  Although he didn’t start writing until he was well into his 40s, Chandler produced a substantial amount of short stories and fiction; many of his early stories were published during the 1930s in the magazine, Black Mask.  Writing in the hard-boiled style, Chandler’s prose was concise, mixed with humor and a bit of harshness.

Chandler’s first novel, The Big Sleep, was published in 1939 and introduced readers to arguably his most memorable character, the wisecracking, tough private detective Philip Marlowe. The novel received critical acclaim and Philip Marlowe continues to be one of the most popular and enduring literary detectives of the twentieth century.

Pale yellow book on a table showing the book's cover and binding

The Big Sleep by Raymond Chandler, with an introductory essay by Lawrence Clark Powell, illustrated with 40 photographs by Lou Stoumen. San Francisco: Arion Press, 1986.

In our Rare Book Collection, we have a copy of the Arion Press limited edition of The Big Sleep. Produced in 1986 and limited to 425 copies, this edition includes 40 photographs taken by photographer and Academy Award-winning documentary filmmaker Lou Stoumen, who visualized the rich girls, hoodlums, and petty grifters with whom Chandler peopled Los Angeles in the 1940s. The characters were “costumed and posed in the manner of motion picture publicity stills,” creating a film-noir “paper-movie” (Arion Press catalog).

The book is bound in bevelled plexiglass boards and curved plexiglass spine, with silkscreened titling and decoration. Interested in viewing the Arion Press edition of The Big Sleep?  Visit the Special Collections Research Center in Paley Library, and the staff there will happily assist you.

The Bard of Avon at the London Olympics

Engraving of William Shakespeare

An engraving of William Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout is displayed as part of “The ‘First Folio’ William Shakespeare’s Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies” by Shakespeare dated 1623. AP Photo by Matt Dunham

With all eyes on London this summer for the Olympics, the British Museum is staging a major exhibition on the world of Shakespeare, offering “a new and unique insight into the emerging role of London as a world city four hundred years ago, interpreted through the innovative perspective of Shakespeare’s plays,” it exclaims.  Shakespeare: Staging the World features over 190 objects — maps, prints, drawings and paintings, arms and armor, coins, medals and more — drawn from the Museum’s collection and across Europe.

A copy of the "Complete Works of Shakespeare"

A copy of the “Complete Works of Shakespeare” is displayed and signed by Nelson Mandela and owned by Sonny Venkatrathnam, who was imprisoned on Robben Island in South Africa. AP Photo by Matt Dunham

One particularly moving object in the exhibition is a well-worn, one-volume collection of Shakespeare’s plays owned by a former anti-apartheid prisoner of South Africa’s notorious Robben Island prison, Sonny Venkatrathnam.  During his imprisonment, Venkatrathnam’s volume was shared with other inmates who underlined and autographed passages that meant the most to them.  The signature of former president of post-apartheid South Africa, Nelson Mandela, is included beside the following passage from Julius Caesar:

Cowards die many times before their deaths

The valiant never taste of death but once

While we may not own a print copy of the First Folio, Temple scholars can view and enjoy digitized copies of Shakespeare’s works from the 17th and 18th centuries by using Early English Books Online (EEBO) and Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).

Documenting Chicken Bone Beach

Leisure time on Chicken Bone Beach

African-Americans lounging and playing on Chicken Bone Beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1940s. John W. Mosley Photographs, Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries

Earlier this week, I had the opportunity to offer a library workshop to Denise James’ ‘Broadcast News Documentary’ course in the Journalism Department.  I love Denise’s energy and her passion for helping students produce compelling stories.  Part of the workshop focused on using the Libraries’ digital collections as a way to brainstorm possible stories on local topics, in addition to highlighting resources students could use when searching for content to weave into their documentaries.

In the John W. Mosley Photographs collection, we stumbled upon some truly amazing photographs of African Americans at Atlantic City’s Chicken Bone Beach, the largest de facto segregated beach on the Jersey Shore during the early to mid-twentieth century.  Getting its name from the chicken dinners families would bring in their picnic baskets, Chicken Bone Beach was visited by leading African American entertainers, athletes, and activists of the day, including Sammy Davis, Jr., Ella Fitzgerald, Count Basie, Duke Ellington, the Club Harlem showgirls, Jackie Robinson, Lena Horne, Sugar Ray Robinson, and Martin Luther King, Jr:

 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on Chicken Bone Beach

Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. (on left) posed for a snapshot while relaxing on segregated Chicken Bone Beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1956. John W. Mosley Photographs, Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries

Joe Louis on Chicken Bone Beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey

Heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis (sitting center) socializing with friends on Chicken Bone Beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1952. John W. Mosley Photographs, Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries

Sammy Davis, Jr. on Chicken Bone Beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey

Entertainer Sammy Davis, Jr. holding a woman in his arms on Chicken Bone Beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Sammy Davis Jr. was an actor and musician famous for being a part of the famed “Rat Pack” in the 1950s and 1960s, 1954. John W. Mosley Photographs, Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, Temple University Libraries

The man who captured these great images was Philadelphia photographer John W. Mosley (1907-1969).  Mosley was a self-taught photojournalist who for 30 years specialized in documenting the African American community in Philadelphia and Atlantic City.  From photographing family gatherings and social/cultural events to famous leaders and entertainers, Mosley portrayed African Americans in a positive manner during a difficult time of racism and segregation.  Many of his photographs were published in numerous African American newspapers, including the renowned Philadelphia Tribune.  John W. Mosley was a prolific photographer, and there are now an estimated 300,000(!) photographs and negatives preserved in the Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection of Temple University Libraries.

– Kristina

Options for Accessing Communication Abstracts

Communication Abstracts, one of the key database for finding scholarly information related to advertising, communication theory and technology, gender and communication, interpersonal and speech communication, journalism, mass media, and public opinion is now available on two different platforms:

Choices are a good thing!

Shakespeare Audio Plays in Literature Online (LION)

Thumbnail image for lion_trademark_colour.gifI don’t wish to be biased, but Literature Online (LION) is a handy little literature database, containing both primary and secondary texts, along with solid, background information.  And now LION even includes fully dramatised, unabridged recordings of all of Shakespeare’s 38 plays!

Each play is recorded by noted actors, many of whom were trained at the Royal Shakespeare Company, such as Simon Russell Beale, Joseph Fiennes, David Tennant, Niamh Cusack and Sir John Gielgud and includes sound effects and music to bring the plays further to life.  All audio plays are in mp3 format and will play on your computer’s default media player.

Give it a try! Listen to Simon Russell Beale deliver Hamlet’s “to be or not to be” soliloquy. Enjoy!

More e-books available via Oxford Scholarship Online

Oxford_Scholarship_Online.gifOver 2,000 e-books were recently added to Oxford Scholarship Online, a cross-searchable library containing full-text of classic and newly published scholarly books from Oxford University Press.  A complete list of the Literature-oriented books is available here.The titles largely address the literary from the perspective of history, and in that contextual sense they are significantly interdisciplinary.